Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including public works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, structural components of buildings, and railways. It is considered the second-oldest engineering discipline.
Civil engineers design and supervise construction of major public works projects such as buildings, highways, airports, bridges, and dams. They can either work for a government organisation or in private industry competing for government contracts. Since there are so many different types of projects a civil engineer can undertake, many of them specialise in a type of project or branch of the profession such as transportation engineering, structural engineering or geotechnical engineering. Work can be done at office or go to project sites to monitor construction.
Branches of Civil Engineering
Civil Engineering possess huge scope and contains wide spectrum of sub-disciplines. There are various fields within this engineering branch which you may choose to pursue your career. Below given is the list of Branches of Civil Engineering:
Surveying – Deals with surveying and levelling of lands using various instruments, mapping & contouring of terrains etc.
Construction Engineering – Deals with planning, construction and maintenance of structures.
Structural Engineering – Deals with structural analysis and design of structures.
Geotechnical Engineering – Study of soil, foundations, bearing capacity etc.
Transportation Engineering – Deals with planning, construction and management of transportation facilities.
Water Resource Engineering – Deals with design and construction of hydraulic structures like dams, canals, water distribution system etc.
Environmental Engineering – Study of environment friendly designs, sewage management, pollution and their treatment.
Municipal Engineering – Deals with urban/city planning & management, township etc.
Coastal Engineering – Deals with coastal or marine structures like groynes (groins), embankments etc.
Tunnel Engineering – Deals with planning, design, construction, safety and maintenance of tunnels.
Earthquake Engineering – Study of seismic forces, earth-quake resistant structures etc.
Material Engineering – Study of material strength, properties of materials used in construction, ceramics etc.
Sources of information:
BRANCHES OF CIVIL ENGINEERING (Diagram). [online] Available at: http://ozgurkorkmazcelik170701032.blogspot.com/2018/11/sub-branches-of-civil-engineering.html [Accessed 26 Feb. 2020].
Thecivilengg.com. (2020). Branches of Civil Engineering. [online] Available at: http://www.thecivilengg.com/Branches.php [Accessed 26 Feb. 2020].